Protection and integrated coastal zone management of coastal and marine biodiversity (TerraMar)

The Brazilian marine and coastal area is among the longest and most biodiverse in the world. Due to intensive use and settlement, divergent interests, and insufficient coordination, it is also one of the most threatened regions of the country. The project supports an integrated approach to environmental planning for the protection of marine and coastal biodiversity, especially in the pilot regions Costa dos Corais and Abrolhos. In addition to measures for conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity, the project implements strategies for monitoring environmental quality, for capacity development, and for combating marine litter. Lessons learned are disseminated nationally and internationally and contribute to strengthening relevant policies. As part of the IKI Corona Response Package the project implements a pilot project for processing marine plastic litter and analyses the market potential for sustainable value chains of coastal and marine biodiversity.

Project data

IKI funding
7,987,999.95 €
08/2015 till 01/2024
Implementing organisation
Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH
Political Partner
  • Ministry of Environment and Climate Change (MMA) - Brazil
Implementing Partner
  • Chico Mendes Institute for Biodiversity Conservation - Brazil
  • Leibniz-Zentrum für marine Tropenökologie (ZMT) - Deutschland
  • Ministry of Environment and Climate Change (MMA) - Brazil

State of implementation/results

  • To mark World Oceans Day in June 2023, the Portuguese translation of the report "What Ocean for Tomorrow? Marine Ecosystems in a Challenging Climate" was published. Based on the findings of the 6th IPCC Assessment Report, the report provides a synthesis of current knowledge on the links between oceans, climate change and sustainable development (…).
  • To disseminate the results, learning experiences and recommendations of the National Mangrove Action Plan (PAN Manguezal), the project launched the video "Living Memory of the PAN Manguezal" (…).
  • With the participation of over 1,500 volunteers in 40 mangrove and beach clean-ups, approximately 6.7 tonnes of marine litter was collected in 2021 in 27 coastal towns in the states of Pernambuco, Alagoas, Bahia and Espirito Santo. (…)
  • More than 640 representatives of the Ministry of the Environment (MMA), the Federal Agency for Protected Areas (ICMBio), the federal states, local governments and local coastal communities have been trained on environmental management issues in coastal and marine regions:
    • municipal environmental management in coastal and marine areas
    • systematic planning for biodiversity conservation
    • monitoring of mangroves and traditional fisheries – management of tradional fisheries
    • economic instruments for marine and coastal conservation
  • So far, seven coastal and marine protected areas with a total area of 10,951 km2 have been strengthened through project measures (e.g. training and improved management processes).
  • Three local fisheries management plans have been adopted for the protected areas Resex Canavieiras, Corumbau and Cassurubá (IUCN category VI) for the threatened species Guaiamum and Budiões. The project provided support in the form of advice and training to enable local people to monitor traditional fisheries and develop management plans.
  • To promote income opportunities for women, networks of over 600 small-scale fisherwomen have been strengthened or established in the project regions. The commercialisation of products from sustainable natural resource management contributes to the protection of biodiversity. (…).
  • A national education strategy on environmental management in the coastal and marine region was developed through virtual workshops with over 700 representatives from over 270 institutions from all 17 coastal states and is available on an interactive learning platform. (…)
  • With the support of the project, an environmental zoning for nautical activities was developed and adopted by the State of Pernambuco. The environmental zoning regulates tourism and fishing in 58 km² of beach, river and sea area in three protected areas at the estuary of the Rio Formoso. A viability study supports the regulation of the different uses. (…)
  • As part of the National Action Plan for Coral Conservation (PAN Corais), the environmental education campaign on beach and coral conservation was updated (…).

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