11/22/2023

Promoting climate change and biodiversity management in Indonesia

The IKI-supported Climate and Biodiversity Hub Indonesia works alongside political partners, civil society, and local communities to address the climate and biodiversity crisis.

The environmental, social, and economic effects of climate change and the loss of natural habitats are mentioned in the news every day: floods, droughts, wildfires, and air pollution are just some of the challenges governments and people are facing at a more frequent pace. Managing climate change impact and increasing climate resilience have thus become urgent tasks for all countries. 

Indonesia, as one of the largest carbon emitters and one of the world’s mega-biodiverse countries, has committed to reduce its greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by 32% in 2030, to achieve net zero emissions by 2060, and to scale down biodiversity loss until 2030.

The IKI-supported Climate and Biodiversity Hub Indonesia works alongside political partners, civil society, and local communities to address the climate and biodiversity crisis

  • by promoting the integration of climate change and biodiversity actions into national plans and policies, 
  • by supporting the fulfilment of international commitments such as the elaboration of the Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) and the new Indonesian National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan (IBSAP) and 
  • by consolidating high-level policy dialogue between Germany and Indonesia. 

Specific targets and actions lead towards a more sustainable and climate-neutral development for the well-being and livelihood of people and contribute to Indonesia’s Vision 2045.

Moving towards a green economy through low-carbon and climate-resilient development

The Climate and Biodiversity Hub Indonesia supports Indonesia’s Low-Carbon Climate-Resilient Development Strategy and the dissemination of the Green Economy Index in selected provinces in western regions of the country. Local capacity at provincial level is strengthened to mainstream the green economy concept in the regional development plans and to monitor performance. 

During a 3-day workshop in July 2023 with the participation of over 100 representatives of provincial governments, the Green Economy Index was presented as a measuring tool to evaluate the performance of Indonesia’s economic transformation towards a green economy at provincial level. Each province will collect the relevant information to be fed into the ASKARA digital platform, which is the national planning and monitoring system on low-carbon action plan and climate resilience development.

“Unboxing” the CBD Global Biodiversity Framework in Indonesia

Following the launch of the new Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) Global Biodiversity Framework (GBF) in Montreal in December 2022, Indonesia has started the process of formulating the new Indonesian National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan (IBSAP), with the Ministry of National Development Planning (Kementerian PPN/Bappenas) in a coordinating role on a national inter-ministerial technical committee including the Ministry of Environment and Forestry, Ministry of Marine Affairs & Fisheries, and Ministry of Agriculture.

The Climate and Biodiversity Hub Indonesia provided technical support during the process of formulating the IBSAP. To provide a better understanding of how indicators should be formulated, the project is collaborating with the IKI-funded BioFrame global project. In July 2023, BioFrame advisors provided deep-dive sessions on GBF key target indicators to the technical committee. These inputs helped in the formulation of the national targets related to biodiversity conservation to which Indonesia is committing in the context of the GBF, one of which entails the conservation of 30% of the country’s surface through protected areas. Bappenas will receive continuous support during the IBSAP review process.

Inclusive Enhanced NDC Development

The project provided technical support to the Ministry of Environment and Forestry (MoEF) in developing the Enhanced Nationally Determined Contribution (ENDC) Document. MoEF submitted Indonesia’s ENDC to the UNFCCC before September 23, 2022. 

With the ENDC, the Government of Indonesia has committed itself to increase its targets and reduce GHG emissions from the business-as-usual scenario by 31.89% unilaterally or by 43.2% with international support until 2030. This new commitment is higher than the previous commitment, which was 29% unilaterally and 41% with international support. In increasing its targets in this way, the Government was able to implement the Glasgow decision to submit enhanced NDCs by COP27 – something that very few countries were able or willing to do.

The support provided by the project, among other things, included the provision of experts and facilitation of technical workshops. A series of technical workshops was organised to enable exchange and dialogue between the MoEF and sectoral ministries responsible for the five NDC sectors. 

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IKI Office
Zukunft – Umwelt – Gesellschaft (ZUG) gGmbH
Stresemannstraße 69-71

10963 Berlin

iki-office@z-u-g.org

Biodiversity and climate action in the IKI

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