Conserving biological diversity

In the area of 'Conserving biological diversity', the International Climate Initiative (IKI) supports partner countries to implement the targets of the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011-2020 (Aichi Targets) of the international Convention on Biological Diversity. IKI projects often address challenges that involve not only the issues of conservation and sustainability, but also climate change mitigation and adaptation to the impacts of climate change. In addition, fostering biological diversity plays a key role in IKI projects on ecosystem-based adaptation and natural carbon sinks.

The Federal Ministry for the Environment (BMUB) is financing biological diversity projects that directly implement measures for the conservation, restoration and sustainable use of ecosystems and critical habitats. IKI projects can also make an indirect contribution by building and consolidating the capacities of governments and civil society to implement the Aichi Targets. Furthermore, support is provided for investment-related measures, policy advisory services, technology transfer and research partnerships. IKI projects provide particular support in developing and implementing national biodiversity strategies and action plans (NBSAPs). Priority is also given to measures related to the CBD Programme of Work on Protected Areas (PoWPA) and cooperation with local and indigenous communities in order to conserve and restore ecosystems. IKI projects also help enhance the knowledge and capacities of the Intergovernmental Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES).

Since 2011 until the end of 2016, a total of 55 projects with a funding volume of EUR 218 million were approved in the area of biological diversity.

Mechanisms for planning and managing biological diversity

National biodiversity strategies and action plans (NBSAPs) are the main instrument used to implement CBD targets at national level. All Parties should develop and implement such strategies or similar instruments and incorporate these into planning processes for all sectors that could have an impact on the conservation of biological diversity. A key challenge in this is systematically taking account of the consequences of development measures implemented by various ministries for conserving biological diversity and ecosystem services in the respective planning processes. The Economics of Ecosystems and Biodiversity (TEEB) initiative can provide decision-making support. Initiated by BMU and the European Commission under the auspices of the United Nations Environment Programme, TEEB published a study in 2009 demonstrating the monetary value of ecosystems and biological diversity. In preparing this study, numerous experts from around the world compared the costs incurred from losses in biological diversity and ecosystem services with the costs of protecting and sustainably using them. TEEB points out way in which political, social and private-sector decision-makers can recognise and illustrate the value of ecosystems and incorporate this into their decisions.

More information on TEEB (external)

The IKI is supporting projects which engage in partner countries by providing targeted advisory services on structuring and implementing NBSAPs, prepare national and regional TEEB studies and build the necessary technological and institutional capacities. Among other things, these projects offer training, develop studies and organise dialogue platforms. Furthermore, project partners establish national financing strategies, identify causes of biological diversity loss and create positive economic incentives for the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity. For example, they are testing payments for ecosystem services (PES) schemes, establishing value chains and creating alternative and sustainable sources of income for local communities.

Selected projects:

Protected areas and ecosystem services

With their Programme of Work on Protected Areas, the 193 Parties to the CBD established the target of protecting at least 17 per cent of land area and inland waters as well as 10 per cent of coastal and marine areas by 2020, especially highly biodiverse areas and those providing important ecosystem services. To this end, effectively managed, ecologically representative and well-connected protected area networks should be developed. States can submit Expressions of Interest for additional support to improve national or transboundary protected area systems or individual areas on the website of the CBD LifeWeb initiative. This funding can be made available by other States and/or private partners. A wealth of Expressions of Interest have been matched with and implemented by IKI projects.

LifeWeb website

Together with local and indigenous communities, IKI projects are developing strategies for protecting and sustainably using the ecosystems and biological resources essential to their livelihoods. They also support their partners in establishing, expanding, consolidating and effectively managing protected areas and restoring damaged habitats. With regard to protected areas, high priority is placed on marine protection, especially in identifying ecologically or biologically significant areas (EBSAs). The goal is to promote the expansion of marine protected areas around the world.

Selected projects: